Of all the joys the pregnancy brings into women’s life it is also a sign that you should start a new cheerful and healthy life. A healthy mother assures a healthy baby. A mother starts dreaming about healthy child the second she starts expecting. No mother in the world thinks the opposite but sometimes lack of knowledge makes it complicated.
Researches have shown that a low level of vitamin and folate level in women increases the risk of miscarriage by 310%. Women with specifically vitamin B12 deficiency have a 31% higher risk of losing babies.
Vitamin B12 is one of the important vitamins which is unfortunately not produced by our body cell on their own. It is responsible to help our body make red blood cells, DNA, and generic cells. It also helps in preventing many mental and physical illnesses in babies and keeps the nerves and blood cells healthy.
Following are the answers to some FAQs about vitamin B12 deficiency and vitamin B12 injection during pregnancy.
Symptoms Of Vitamin B12 Deficiency In Pregnancy
The most common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency is pernicious anemia in which the immune system due to intrinsic factor starts attacking healthy cells and in turn, vitamin B12 is absorbed by the intestines. Other factors may include low intake and taking certain medicines. Approximately 1 in every 10 people is affected by vitamin B12 deficiency.
The symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency in pregnancy include:
- Tiredness and lack of energy
- Paresthesia and numbness
- Reduced sense of touch and pain
- Memory loss
- Depression and irritability
- Red tongue
- Pale skin
- Ulcer inside the mouth
Vitamin B12 Injections And Their Benefits
Vitamin B12 injection also known as cyanocobalamin is the medication that is used to treat B12 deficiency. Since our body cells are incapable of making vitamin B12 on their own, this medication is made out of plants and animal cells. Vitamin B12 injections will stimulate the production of protein, red blood cells, and nerves.
Benefits of vitamin b12 injection during pregnancy include:
- Helps in proper digestion of food.
- Prevent any gastric and GI tract issues
- Helps in the development of the fetus
- Boost the immune system
- Prevent psychological issues like depression, irritability, and confusion
- Prevent mood swings and fatigue
Recommended Dosage Of Vitamin B12 In Pregnancy
Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin which means it does not have a tolerable upper intake level. Although it is always best to concern a specialist in pregnancy complications and the doctor will recommend the dosage according to the development of the baby and health of the mother. Doctors suggest that pregnant women should take at least 2.6mcg of vitamin B12 every day. The parental vitamins contain somewhere around 200 to 500 ug and you can meet most of the need by just taking them on time.
Impact And Side Effects
Vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy can bring many risks to both the mother and the baby. The mother can suffer from megaloblastic anemia, gastric problems and may lead to diabetes later on. The unborn child can suffer from brain and spinal cord complications, problems in the DNA synthesis process, and B12 deficiency can lead to diabetes.
It is not possible to have too much vitamin B12 as the body will excrete the excess amount of it. Although vitamin B12 supplements do not have as much drastic side effects as the impact its deficiency has but still always concerns a doctor in case of:
- Abdomen or stomach pain
- Bleeding gums and nose
- Chest pain
- Swelling of eyelids and face
Do You Need A Vitamin B12 Injection?
Vitamin B12 deficiency affects up to 15% of the population and the most common question asked about it is do I need a vitamin B12 injection during pregnancy? Although pregnant women get most of the vitamin B12 from a healthy diet and parental vitamins. But if the vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms are intense, doctors do recommend the specific dosage of vitamin B12 shots. Injections are suggested when the body is unable to absorb the vitamin from food and pills. Sometimes the women with a strict diet also need B12 injections.
Pregnant women should definitely ensure a healthy diet enriched with vitamins and nutrients. Although vitamin B12 deficiency is unusual as most of the time the food and parental vitamins complete the need for it. Sometimes the body is incapable of absorbing vitamin B12 from other sources and in order to prevent complications in pregnancy B12 injections are suggested.
In case you have decided to take vitamin B12, let your doctor know so he/she can recommend medications accordingly.