Whereas the deep cleanser removes the makeup, oil, and dirt on your skin which is accumulated on the surface, exfoliation works on a whole different level. Exfoliation works on a much deeper level and removes the dead cells from within. In other words, we can say that deep cleansers work on the surface level, and exfoliation works on a deeper level. Apart from deep cleansing, it helps to absorb skin products more efficiently. When all the dirt is cleaned, the products are penetrated deeply in the skin and it makes the skin lighter, smoother, and more radiant. Apart from these benefits, exfoliation removes the dead skin thus improving the blood circulation to your sin which ultimately improves your skin appearance.
As exfoliation is an incredibly beneficial treatment for your skin, you must get proper knowledge about it before getting it done. the type of your skin decides whether exfoliation is for you or not and if it is suitable for you then how often you should get it done.
As we are talking about the complete guide to exfoliate your skin, first we will discuss the tools which are used for exfoliation of your skin.
Tools to Exfoliate Your Skin
There are mechanical and physical methods to exfoliate your skin. Using facial scrubs and brushes comes under the category of physical or mechanical exfoliation. Whereas, skin peels, chemicals, and acids come under the category of chemical exfoliation.
For Physical/Mechanical Exfoliation
Exfoliating Sponge: Sponges used for exfoliation are a gentle way to exfoliate your skin. Take an exfoliation sponge and lather it with warm water, body wash or soap and rub it on your skin.
Exfoliating Brush: Exfoliating brushes have bristle brushes. Some of these can be used for dry brushing. While some can be used with the body wash and facial cleansers. The exfoliating brushes can be used on facial areas and bodies as well to remove the dead skin cells from your skin.
Exfoliating Glove: This method of using exfoliation gloves is much easier than using exfoliating brushes or sponges. You can simply just wear the exfoliation gloves, lather them with soap or body wash and rub it over your skin.
Exfoliation Scrubs: It is the direct application of exfoliation scrub on your skin without any tool required. You can just rub the scrub over your skin in a circular motion and then wash it with warm water.
For Chemical Exfoliation
Using Alpha-hydroxy Acids: Using AHAs can cause your body to naturally shed the dead skin cells off your body. These acids work by breaking the bonds in your skin which are holding the bonds of dead cells and dirt. The examples of AHAs are citric acids, tartaric acids, lactic acids, and glycolic acids.
Using Beta-hydroxy Acids: The BHAs include salicylic acids and beta hydroxyl acids and these chemicals are much better for the acne sensitive skin types.
This was all about exfoliating skin methods. You have to make sure that when you are physically exfoliating your skin, be extra gentle to your skin. if you are using a scrub then scrub your skin gently. If you are using a brush, then brush your skin for almost 30 seconds and then rinse it with lukewarm water. If your skin is damaged, then avoid exfoliation. Use a moisturizer with SPF after exfoliating your skin.
Skin Exfoliation by Skin Type
Now we are going to discuss exfoliation according to the skin types.
For Dry Skin
Exfoliation is crucial for dry skin. Just make sure to avoid mechanical exfoliation on dry skin because it can lead to microtears. So AHAs can be beneficial for dry skin exfoliation like Glycolic acid. It can remove dead skin cells and promote healthy skin appearance.
For Sensitive Skin
For sensitive skin, it would be best if you avoid the mechanical method because it will further irritate your skin. You can use a mild chemical exfoliator for it but gently. If you have acne, then you can use the salicylic acid peel.
For Oily Skin
It would be best to adopt mechanical exfoliation for oily skin. the reason is that the oily skin may have an extra layer on the skin which can be removed best with physical methods. Use the exfoliate gently and scrub in a circular motion to get the best results.
For Normal Skin
If you have normal skin, then you have some perks. You can use any method on your skin. it would be best if you try different methods to experiment which is best for you.
For Combination Skin
For a combination skin type, mix method can be useful. Try a combination of both physical and chemical methods but do not use both methods on the same day. It is because it can irritate your skin. Always use a moisturizer with SPF if you feel dryness on your skin after exfoliation.
Skin Exfoliation by Body Part
As there are different methods for exfoliation and different preferences for different skin types, there are also precautionary measures to exfoliate different parts of your body. For instance, to exfoliate your face, you must be extra gentle and careful to avoid any redness and itchiness. You can use a brush and sponges for your arms and legs. For your feet and hands, you can try different chemical peels available. For your pubic area, you can try loofah. Just make sure to always exfoliate your skin in the shower and with lukewarm water. If you notice any discomfort, redness, or itchiness, stop exfoliation.